Although ancient Beirut was a small city, its strong fortification system
speaks in favor of an
important city, certainly in the Bronze Age and probably in the Iron Age as
well. It seems rather
unlikely that all these defensive walls discovered represent stretches of
circuits. At any one time some elements must have coexisted to give a
multiple trace defensive system.
This hypothesis could be elucidated once the site excavation is completed.
Because of these major results, the contribution of the tell excavation is
probably the most important
in the urban archaeological project of Beirut. For this reason, the
decision to preserve the ancient tell
was made official on
October 12, 1996 by H. E. Mr. Michel Eddé, former Minister of
Culture and Higher Education.
- The Phoenician city of Beirut is now a confirmed reality. The question of
why it was not included
among the list of other Phoenician cities, is yet to be answered. It could
have been controlled by a major
neighboring city-state kingdom i.e. Byblos or Sidon.
- The recent discoveries of the ancient tell shed much light on the
relations between Beirut and the
western Mediterranean: Cyprus and the Aegean Coast.
- With the results of
our excavations, the ancient
tell of Beirut presents a continuous occupation from the 3rd millennium
B.C. to the present time. (The
results of the later classical-Byzantine-Medieval- Ottoman periods will be
presented in future