ARABIC LANGUAGES, by Amin Albert Al Rihani ( Beirut: Dar Al Jadid, 1995). This is a comparative study of Arabic languages, which are actually the different dialects spoken by the tribes in the Arabian peninsula. The author classifies the languages into two categories: one based on syntax, or grammar, and the other based on semantics, or meanings. He examines the function of morphemes and the grammatical distinctions from one language to the other. Then he discusses how the vocabulary developed, the differences between pronunciations and origins of words, and how different expressions come to have different meanings.

THE CARTOONS OF AHMAD IBRAHIM HIJAZZI, Edited and introduced by Mohammed Baghdadi (Cairo: Al Markaz al Misri al Arabi, 1995) This book is a collection of Hijazzi's cartoons. It is introduced by the poet Mohammad Baghdadi. This edited work traces the history of Hijazzi's perception of Egyptian personality from the 1950's through the 1990's. Hijjazzi's works are classified according to various themes, each associated with a particular historical period: the prevalent theme in Egypt for Hijazzi during the first phase (1950's-1967) was the struggle of the poor and their ability to deal with day-to-day needs; during the next stage (1967-1973), the population was depressed due to losing the war; in the third phase (1973 through the assassination of Sadat in 1981), the people as divided and even schizophrenic, caused mainly by the move from socialism to liberalization, the peace talks with Israel and the opening of the markets to the West. Terrorism and submission to Israel mark the final phase (1982-present). Although Hijazi has an affinity and a sympathy for the Egyptian personality, he is a harsh critic of certain underlying attitudes which make up this personality.

AN EXPOSED EMANCIPATED WOMAN, by Maya Al Rahbi (Damascus: Dar El Ahali, 1995). A collection of stories, this book reflects the desperation people feel when faced with their inability to control their destinies and change the course of the events.

STORIES OF ILLNESS ....STORIES OF MADNESS, by Jamil Hatmal ( Damascus: Dar Kenaan Lil Dirasaat wa al-Nashr, 1995). A compilation of short stories with three main themes: family, illness, and the end of the year. According to one reviewer, the author discusses political and social beliefs in a sarcastic tone, addressing biographical as well as psychological elements.

AN INTRODUCTION TO THE SCIENCE OF LITERARY READING, by Majdi Ahmad Tewfiq (Cairo: Al Hay'a al Ama Li Kusur al Thaqfa, 1995). This book examines fundamental principles of reading and provides practice exercises along with selected texts and analytical tools.

NAGUIB MAHFOUZ, by Rashid al Anani (Publisher unknown). This book is a compilation of articles written by the author during the last seven years. The articles review some of the works of Naguib Mahfouz, combining the past with the present and creating historical contexts for the discussion of current issues. According to one reviewer, Naguib Mahfouz's literature revolves around three main points: politics, sex, and religion.

BOOK PUBLISHING IN EGYPT IN THE 19TH CENTURY, by Aida Ibrahim Nassir (Cairo: Al Hay'a al Masriyya al Ama lil Nashr, 1995). This book discusses the history of book publishing in Egypt. It focuses on three main points: writing and translation, book production, and marketing, and examines their social and cultural contexts.

THE PREVIOUS MAN, by Mohammed Abi Samra (Beirut: Dar Al Jadid, 1995.) In this novel, the author tells the story of a man who is a prisoner of his past and is unconcerned about his present or his future. After seventeen years in France, he returns to Beirut with his heart in pain and loneliness weighing heavily upon him.

THE SEARCH FOR BONES, by Al Taher Jaout, translated from the French by Jilali Khallas (Algiers: Fanab, 1995). Tahar Jaout discusses the hardships of an Algerian village under the strains of French colonialism and the burden of social traditions. He depicts a society in the post independence era characterized by recurring tragedy and social disorder, afflicted by opportunism. The society placed special importance on collecting the bones of martyrs to be buried in a decent place and, above all, to be officially acknowledged by the authorities.

A DESCRIPTION OF THE ROLE OF NATURE IN THE ARABIC AND HEBREW POETRY IN ANDALUSIA IN THE MIDDLE OF THE 4TH AND THE 6TH CENTURY (ISLAMIC CALENDAR) by Mohammad Fathi Al Baghdadi (Cairo: Cairo University, College of Arts, (Ph.D. thesis.) 1995). The book is a doctoral thesis, presented in two parts. The first part is a general study of the description of nature in Arabic and Hebrew literature. The second is a technical study of nature in poetry in both languages, focusing on stylistic as well as semantic aspects. The author cites the influence of religious sources like the Koran on Arabic poetry and the Old Testament on Hebrew.

THE STORY OF RETURN, by Raji Ashquti (Beirut: Publisher unknown, 1995, 195 pp). This novel is about the return of an immigrant to his village and nostalgia for the bygone days of harmony and peace among the Lebanese. It is also the intense narration of a dream carried deep in many peoples' hearts - to return home one day.

A TRAVEL INTO THE SELF, by Juliet Aad Shahud (Beirut: Publisher unknown, 1995, 160 pp.) This story takes place during the Lebanese Civil War. Tarik, a Muslim in the Lebanese army, is disappointed by the inability of the institution he joined to end the bloody war ravaging his country. He decides to leave, and is helped by his friend Ramy. But Ramy, head of a Christian militia, has other plans in mind for Tarik. Utterly dismayed, Tarik follows his friend and plunges headlong into underground activities despite his beliefs. A new life then begins for him, and feelings of remorse and betrayal gnaw at his heart. But with the help of Salwa, his wife, he manages to escape his depression.

KEEP FLYING YOURSELF, by Janan Jasim Halawi (Beirut & Sweden: Dar Nelson, 1995, 109 pp). This a collection of poems reflecting the experience, mostly traumatic, of an Iraqi Shiite. The author was forced out of his native Basra by the first Iraqi war with Iran, leading him all the way to Sweden. The book, according to one reviewer, dwells on the meaning of exile both geographically and psychologically, evident in the form of language used.

MASTERS OF INQUIRY, by Ali Surour (Beirut: Dar Al Ilm Lil Malayin, 1996, 105 pp). This is a novel about the Lebanese Civil War through two characters who symbolize the two main antagonistic groups in Lebanon.

MODERN LITERATURE IN LEBANON: A DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVE, by Jihad Fadel (Beirut & London: dar Riyad Al Rayis lil Nashr, 1996). The book is introduced as a contribution to the writing the history of contemporary Arab literature and modern literature in Lebanon. The author, the introduction continues, rethinks many prevalent concepts and widely held assumptions about literature and the works of many Lebanese writers, painting new critical pictures unlike those previously held.

THE FRUSTRATED, by Muna Shattila (Beirut: Dar Kitabaat, 1995).This is another novel that explores the Lebanese Civil War in terms of characters, ideas, dreams, and nightmares, by documenting important political and social changes like volunteering and forced immigration -- past and present -- as well as the rise and demise of political ideologies.

DAMASCUS OF NIZAR KABBANI, edited by Sabah Kabbani (Damascus: Dar Al Ahali, 1995). The book consists of a selection of poems and essays by the Syrian poet Nizar Kabbani. The selection focuses on Damascus, the birth place of the Kabbani.

THE DOORS OF SLEEP, by Abduh Wazzen (Beirut: Dar Al Jadid, 1995). This is a new collection of poems, written by one of Lebanon's best known literary critics.

THE BOOK: EDITING AND PUBLISHING, by Maurice Abu Al Saad Mikha`eel (Riyadh: Matbouaat Maktbaat Al Malak Fahd Al Wataniyya, 1995). The author offers a unique contribution to the industry of bookmaking, covering a wide range of topics like copyrights, printing, typesetting, marketing, etc.

NARRATIVE STRUCTURES: APPLIED STUDIES OF THE JORDANIAN SHORT STORY, by Abdallah Radwan (Amman: Rabitat Al Kutaab Al Urduneen, 1995). The book examines the narrative structures and the language of the short story and includes applied studies of novels by Jamal Abi Hamdaan Fakhri Qawar, Zalika Abi Richa, Khaled Mahadee, and others.

THE COLOR OF THE DEW, by Munira Musbah (Amman: Dar Azmina, 1995). This is a collection of poems by a Lebanese-Palestinian poet, who presently lives in Chicago. "Her poems are dark and burning forests together, dark in their intensity, and burning like fires from her emotions," wrote the late Jabra Ibrahim Jabra about Musbah's poetry.

THE BROKEN CHAIN, by Salah Kanakri (Glendale, CA: Artimax, 1995). The author, a musician and writer, wrote these poems while in Egypt, Sweden and Southern California. Written in modern form, the topics cover the relationship between man and woman as well as other contemporary life problems.

THE LUST OF THE WINGS, by Ghada Al Saman (Beirut: Manshourat Ghada Al Saman, 1995). This is a work of travel literature. In it, the author shares her travel experiences on almost four continents.

THE POPULAR LITERATURE OF ALEPPO: STUDY AND ANALYSIS, by Muhammad Hassan Abed Al Muhssen (Damascus: Syrian Ministry of Culture, 1995, 300 pp). This book offers a unique picture of one of perhaps Syria's largest and most important cities. The lives of Aleppo's residents, customs, beliefs, and arts are well covered. The author discusses the relationship between the city's environment, geographical and natural, and its popular literature.

THE BLACK GOWN, by Kassem Hawl (Published by Sada, 1995). This collection of stories is by Kassem Hawl, film director and playwright. The theme of the collection, according to one reviewer, Yassin Al Nasir, deals with loss and expatriasm, nation and land. In The Black Gown, the woman that dies in the end of the story is only the body, while the idea remains tied to love and hopeful life. More specifically, The Black Gown refers to the young Iraqi woman, whereas the gown that covers her body is actually a cover of her soul.



Created 960617/ Last modified: Fri Jun 14 17:18:27 METDST 1996