Control of Land, Labour and Infrastructure

At the structural level Israeli policy was formulated in the early years of occupation (l967-68), and continues to operate along these lines until today.20 It rests on a system of formal and informal control whose main features are
  1. The physical control of land and water resources through a tight system of regional zoning and restriction of Arab building and water drilling permits
  2. The integration of the Palestinian water, electrical and road network within the Israeli grid, thus making the Palestinian infrastructure dependent on Israeli services
  3. Absorbing unskilled Arab labour into the Israeli economy, most notably in construction and services
  4. The subordination of the occupied territories' economy as a tariff-free market for Israeli commodities, without extending the same benefits to goods produced in the West Bank and Gaza in the Israeli market.21
The net effect of these features has been to render sources of livelihood and services in Palestinian society dependent on Israel, and consequently, to make it virtually impossible for any future political arrangement to evolve in the direction of separating the two entities from each other. Thus, a system of structural integration has emerged, supported by political control and increased pressure for land confiscation and the building of Jewish settlements. Those pressures created the main conditions which triggered the popular uprising in December of 1987, and have continued during the period covering the present survey.

al@mashriq                       960715