Notes (Chapter 2)
- For an extensive presentation of the establishment of the State of Israel,
see Ian Lustic, "Arabs in the Jewish State", University of Texas
- The UNRWA definition of "refugee" refers to patrilineal descendants
of persons who fled from the area that became the state of Israel in 1948.
- The "Triangle" refers to a small, but densely populated area,
on the costal plain in the region between Hadera and Haifa.
- The FAFO living conditions survey has used the official Israeli borders
for East Jerusalem when defining main regions. Application of the Israeli
borders for Arab Jerusalem are, however, neither intended as a legitimization
nor as a recognition of these borders in a legal sense. The justification
for use of the Israeli borders is, on the contrary, their socio-economic
impact on the Palestinian population living within them, taking the different
legal status between Jerusalem and West Bank residents into account.
Towards West Jerusalem, "East Jerusalem" has been defined as Arab
neighborhoods east of the 1949 Green Line. After the war in 1948, Beit Safafa
South remained the only area in West Jerusalem with compact Palestinian
settlement. Except for this small area, 95% of the "Non-Jews"
in Jerusalem live in the eastern part of the city, i.e. in areas covered
by the FAFO survey.
Since 1967 approximately 120 000 Jews have moved into Jewish neighbourhoods
in the (geographical) area of "East Jerusalem", (i.e. the Jordanian
part of Jerusalem prior to 1967). In contrast to the pre-1967 period, the
extensive Jewish presence in East Jerusalem means that the geographical
label "East" Jerusalem no longer refers to a part of the city
exclusively populated by Palestinians. We have thus found the label "Arab
Jerusalem" more appropriate for the Palestinian neighborhoods of the
city comprised by the survey.
- Palestinian individuals
"Palestinian" individuals are defined as all individuals in Gaza,
the West Bank and East Jerusalem who are "residents" and not "foreigners",
(i.e. "Palestinians). A "resident" is defined as a person
who has been permanently living in Gaza, the West Bank or East Jerusalem
for at least the past 4 months prior to the interview. People meeting this
criteria are considered residents regardless of whether they hold a formal
residency or not. Persons who have not lived in Gaza, the West Bank or East
Jerusalem for at least the past 4 months prior to the interview are not
considered as "residents" even if they hold an Israeli ID-card.
A "foreigner" (i.e. in most cases an Israeli), is defined as an
individual who has:
All other persons are considered "non-foreigners" (Palestinians),
and should be surveyed if they are "residents".
- A foreign passport
- At least one of the following:
- No parents of Palestinian heritage
- Who does not use Arabic as his or her primary language
A "household" is defined as persons who are living together, and
who pool their economic resources together, i.e. persons who live in the
same housing unit, and share the same working kitchen.
"Palestinian" households are defined as all households in the
Gaza Strip/ West Bank/ East Jerusalem, where the majority of the inhabitants,
15 years or older, are considered as "Palestinians" according
to the definition above.
- See Table A.2.1 and Table A.2.2 in the Population Appendix for further
references to the discussion in this section.
- See end note 4 for definition of "Arab Jerusalem".
- The borders of the Gaza Strip and Israel were, as those of the West Bank,
determined by the 1949 ceasefire lines between the Israeli and the Arab
armies, rather than by topographic features.
- Refugee camps in Arab Jerusalem have not been placed in a separate stratum,
but grouped with other areas in strata along a north/ south dimension. By
chance, neither Shufat nor Kalandia refugee camps were selected when preparing
the Arab Jerusalem sample. As a consequence, none of these two Arab Jerusalem
refugee camps are covered by the survey. Results for refugees in Arab Jerusalem
are thus strictly valid for the groups of refugees outside camps only.
- It is here referred to towns like Bethlehem and Ramallah which form part
of Greater Jerusalem, but are situated on the West Bank.
- Jewish settlers are not included in this figure. For a detailed discussion
of the population included in the survey, see end note 5.
- This survey's estimate for the Christian population share in Arab Jerusalem
exceeds CBS results by 3-4% A possible explanation may be the inclusion
of the Old Town "Christian Quarter" in the sample. When estimating
the Christian population share in Arab Jerusalem it is worth noting that
the results of this survey are different for the population of households,
the population of individuals, 15 years or older, and the (total) population
of individuals. Small average household size and low average numbers of
children per adult household member in Christian households make the Christian
population share vary from 21% to 18% and 15% for the three statistical
- See average number of children per adult in Christian households in Table
A.2.8 in the Population Appendix.
- See Table A.2.3, Table A.2.4 and Table A.2.5 in the Population Appendix
for further references to the discussion in this section.
- A common feature observed in many developing countries is a tendency
of persons aged 40 years and more to state their age in "round"
numbers. This means to some extent that there is a tendency to let ages
end with 5, but in particular to give an age ending with 10. Age intervals
containing the values 50, 60 and 70 are thus probably the most inflated
ones compared to the "true" age distribution.
- See Table A.2.6, Table A.2.7, Table A.2.7, Table A.2.8 and Table A.2.9
in the Population Appendix for further references to the discussion in this
- Statistical abstract of Israel 1991, A. Main Series p.4. The basic definitions
of "household" are parallel in the two surveys, but may of course
have been implemented somewhat differently in the field.
- If regional variations had been due to parallel variations in adults
and children, this ratio should have been constant over main regions.
- See Table A.2.10 in the Population Appendix for further references to
the discussion in this section.
- The FAFO survey uses the concept Head of Household in two different ways.
The starting point was the "acknowledged/ expected" Head of Household,
the person being determined on the basis of the subjective opinion of the
household members. In about 30% of the households the acknowledged Head
of Household was not available or capable for doing the Head of Household
interview. Among the not available or not capable Household Heads we distinguished
between absence spanning a "short" time (less than 3 months) and
a "long" time (more than 3 months). Two thirds of the 30% of Household
Heads who were absent, were so for a short time only, while one third was
absent for a long time.
When the absence of the Household Head was of a short duration, (e.g. Head
of Household was at work, etc), a "substitute" was used as respondent
speaking on behalf of the Household Head. Any household member well informed
about the economic affairs of the household could act as substitute for
the Household Head, even though the spouse or oldest son of the Household
Head were preferred. Approximately 80% of the substitutes were spouse of
the Household Head, while 8% were the oldest son. In the households where
the interview was made with a substitute, all information about the Head
of Household as a person still refers to the acknowledged Household Head
(and not the substitute).
When the absence of the Head of Household had a prolonged character, e.g.
when the accepted Household Head was senile, working abroad, in prison,
etc., survey definitions overruled the subjective opinion of the household
members. In these cases the concept of the functioning Head of Household
was introduced to include the person in actual fact in charge of running
daily household affairs.
Approximately 90% of the acknowledged Household Heads were also in charge
of the daily affairs of the household, i.e. they were also the functioning
Household Heads. In 10% of the households, the functioning and the acknowledged
Household Head was not the same person. In these households the personal
information about the Head of Household refers to the functioning Household
Head, and not to the acknowledged Household Head. In more than 7 out of
10 cases where the acknowledged and the functioning Head of Households were
different persons, the functioning Head of Household was the spouse of the
acknowledged Head of Household.
- Israeli Ministry of Health (1991). Health in Judea, Samaria and Gaza:
- Figures represent reported number of deaths of infants of ages between
0 and 12 months per 1000 live births.
- Calculated by the author using unweighted aggregated data.
- The reported birth rates have always been more than 40 births per 1000
population since 1968
- Research in progress, results are expected to be published in July, 1993.
- To the best of the author's knowledge.
- The Arab Thought Forum has published an estimate of the population total
for each of the West Bank localities. Their estimates of population size
for each locality were derived by direct interviewing of well informed persons
in each locality.
- HABITAT (1989) has published population projections for OPT using ICBS
estimate of input parameters. Planning and Research Center of Jerusalem
(PRC) is currently working on a set of population projections for OPT localities
using a combination of ICBS and Jordan data.
- UNICEF and JFPPA (1992) has conducted a nationwide sample survey and
estimated the age structure of the population in the West Bank and the Gaza
- See the discussion of various estimates of population totals presented
in WBDP (1987).