Al mashriq - The Levant

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            AGREEMENT ON THE GAZA STRIP AND THE JERICHO AREA




The Government of the State of Israel and the Palestine Liberation
Organization (hereinafter "the PLO"), the representative of the
Palestinian people;






                                PREAMBLE


WITHIN        the framework of the Middle East peace process initiated
              at Madrid in October 1991;

REAFFIRMING   their determination to live in peaceful coexistence,
              mutual dignity and security, while recognizing their
              mutual legitimate and political rights;

REAFFIRMING   their desire to achieve a just, lasting and comprehensive
              peace settlement through the agreed political process;

REAFFIRMING   their adherence to the mutual recognition and commitments
              expressed in the letters dated September 9, 1993, signed
              by and exchanged between the Prime Minister of Israel and
              the Chairman of the PLO;

REAFFIRMING   their understanding that the interim self-government
              arrangements, including the arrangements to apply in the
              Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area contained in this
              Agreement, are an integral part of the whole peace process
              and that the negotiations on the permanent status will
              lead to the implementation of Security Council Resolutions
              242 and 338;

DESIROUS      of putting into effect the Declaration of Principles on
              Interim Self-Government Arrangements signed at Washington,
              D.C. on September 13, 1993, and the Agreed Minutes thereto
              (hereinafter "the Declaration of Principles"), and in
              particular the Protocol on withdrawal of Israeli forces
              from the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area;

HEREBY AGREE  to the following arrangements regarding the Gaza Strip and
              the Jericho Area:



                               Article I

                              Definitions


For the purpose of this Agreement:

    a.  the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area are delineated on map Nos. 1
        and 2 attached to this Agreement;

    b.  "the Settlements" means the Gush Katif and Erez settlement
        areas, as well as the other settlements in the Gaza Strip, as
        shown on attached map No. 1;

    c.  "the Military Installation Area" means the Israeli military
        installation area along the Egyptian border in the Gaza Strip,
        as shown on map No. 1; and

    d.  the term "Israelis" shall also include Israeli statutory
        agencies and corporations registered in Israel.


                               Article II

            Scheduled Withdrawal of Israeli Military Forces


1.  Israel shall implement an accelerated and scheduled withdrawal of
    Israeli military forces from the Gaza Strip and from the Jericho
    Area to begin immediately with the signing of this Agreement. Israel
    shall complete such withdrawal within three weeks from this date.

2.  Subject to the arrangements included in the Protocol Concerning
    Withdrawal of Israeli Military Forces and Security Arrangements
    attached as Annex I, the Israeli withdrawal shall include evacuating
    all military bases and other fixed installations to be handed over
    to the Palestinian Police, to be established pursuant to Article IX
    below (hereinafter "the Palestinian Police").

3.  In order to carry out Israel's responsibility for external security
    and for internal security and public order of Settlements and
    Israelis, Israel shall, concurrently with the withdrawal, redeploy
    its remaining military forces to the Settlements and the Military
    Installation Area, in accordance with the provisions of this
    Agreement. Subject to the provisions of this Agreement, this
    redeployment shall constitute full implementation of Article XIII of
    the Declaration of Principles with regard to the Gaza Strip and the
    Jericho Area only.

4.  For the purposes of this Agreement, "Israeli military forces" may
    include Israel police and other Israeli security forces.

5.  Israelis, including Israeli military forces, may continue to use
    roads freely within the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area.
    Palestinians may use public roads crossing the Settlements freely,
    as provided for in Annex I.

6.  The Palestinian Police shall be deployed and shall assume
    responsibility for public order and internal security of
    Palestinians in accordance with this Agreement and Annex I.




                              Article III

                         Transfer of Authority


1.  Israel shall transfer authority as specified in this Agreement from
    the Israeli military government and its Civil Administration to the
    Palestinian Authority, hereby established, in accordance with
    Article V of this Agreement, except for the authority that Israel
    shall continue to exercise as specified in this Agreement.

2.  As regards the transfer and assumption of authority in civil
    spheres, powers and responsibilities shall be transferred and
    assumed as set out in the Protocol Concerning Civil Affairs attached
    as Annex II.

3.  Arrangements for a smooth and peaceful transfer of the agreed powers
    and responsibilities are set out in Annex II.

4.  Upon the completion of the Israeli withdrawal and the transfer of
    powers and responsibilities as detailed in paragraphs 1 and 2 above
    and in Annex II, the Civil Administration in the Gaza Strip and the
    Jericho Area will be dissolved and the Israeli military government
    will be withdrawn. The withdrawal of the military government shall
    not prevent it from continuing to exercise the powers and
    responsibilities specified in this Agreement.

5.  A Joint Civil Affairs Coordination and Cooperation Committee
    (hereinafter "the CAC") and two Joint Regional Civil Affairs
    Subcommittees for the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area respectively
    shall be established in order to provide for coordination and
    cooperation in civil affairs between the Palestinian Authority and
    Israel, as detailed in Annex II.

6.  The offices of the Palestinian Authority shall be located in the
    Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area pending the inauguration of the
    Council to be elected pursuant to the Declaration of Principles.



                               Article IV

         Structure and Composition of the Palestinian Authority


1.  The Palestinian Authority will consist of one body of 24 members
    which shall carry out and be responsible for all the legislative and
    executive powers and responsibilities transferred to it under this
    Agreement, in accordance with this Article, and shall be responsible
    for the exercise of judicial functions in accordance with Article
    VI, subparagraph 1.b. of this Agreement.

2.  The Palestinian Authority shall administer the departments
    transferred to it and may establish, within its jurisdiction, other
    departments and subordinate administrative units as necessary for
    the fulfillment of its responsibilities. It shall determine its own
    internal procedures.

3.  The PLO shall inform the Government of Israel of the names of the
    members of the Palestinian Authority and any change of members.
    Changes in the membership of the Palestinian Authority will take
    effect upon an exchange of letters between the PLO and the
    Government of Israel.

4.  Each member of the Palestinian Authority shall enter into office
    upon undertaking to act in accordance with this Agreement.



                               Article V

                              Jurisdiction


1.  The authority of the Palestinian Authority encompasses all matters
    that fall within its territorial, functional and personal
    jurisdiction, as follows:

    a.  The territorial jurisdiction covers the Gaza Strip and the
        Jericho Area territory, as defined in Article I, except for
        Settlements and the Military Installation Area.

        Territorial jurisdiction shall include land, subsoil and
        territorial waters, in accordance with the provisions of this
        Agreement.

    b.  The functional jurisdiction encompasses all powers and
        responsibilities as specified in this Agreement. This
        jurisdiction does not include foreign relations, internal
        security and public order of Settlements and the Military
        Installation Area and Israelis, and external security.

    c.  The personal jurisdiction extends to all persons within the
        territorial jurisdiction referred to above, except for Israelis,
        unless otherwise provided in this Agreement.

2.  The Palestinian Authority has, within its authority, legislative,
    executive and judicial powers and responsibilities, as provided for
    in this Agreement.

3.  a.  Israel has authority over the Settlements, the Military
        Installation Area, Israelis, external security, internal
        security and public order of Settlements, the Military
        Installation Area and Israelis, and those agreed powers and
        responsibilities specified in this Agreement.

    b.  Israel shall exercise its authority through its military
        government, which, for that end, shall continue to have the
        necessary legislative, judicial and executive powers and
        responsibilities, in accordance with international law. This
        provision shall not derogate from Israel's applicable
        legislation over Israelis in personam. 4. The exercise of
        authority with regard to the electromagnetic sphere and airspace
        shall be in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement.

5.  The provisions of this Article are subject to the specific legal
    arrangements detailed in the Protocol Concerning Legal Matters
    attached as Annex III. Israel and the Palestinian Authority may
    negotiate further legal arrangements.

6.  Israel and the Palestinian Authority shall cooperate on matters of
    legal assistance in criminal and civil matters through the legal
    subcommittee of the CAC.



                               Article VI

        Powers and Responsibilities of the Palestinian Authority


1.  Subject to the provisions of this Agreement, the Palestinian
    Authority, within its jurisdiction:

    a.  has legislative powers as set out in Article VII of this
        Agreement, as well as executive powers;

    b.  will administer justice through an independent judiciary;

    c.  will have, inter alia, power to formulate policies, supervise
        their implementation, employ staff, establish departments,
        authorities and institutions, sue and be sued and conclude
        contracts; and

    d.  will have, inter alia, the power to keep and administer
        registers and records of the population, and issue certificates,
        licenses and documents.

2.  a.  In accordance with the Declaration of Principles, the
        Palestinian Authority will not have powers and responsibilities
        in the sphere of foreign relations, which sphere includes the
        establishment abroad of embassies, consulates or other types of
        foreign missions and posts or permitting their establishment in
        the Gaza Strip or the Jericho Area, the appointment of or
        admission of diplomatic and consular staff, and the exercise of
        diplomatic functions.

    b.  Notwithstanding the provisions of this paragraph, the PLO may
        conduct negotiations and sign agreements with states or
        international organizations for the benefit of the Palestinian
        Authority in the following cases only:

        (1) economic agreements, as specifically provided in Annex IV of
            this Agreement;

        (2) agreements with donor countries for the purpose of
            implementing arrangements for the provision of assistance to
            the Palestinian Authority;

        (3) agreements for the purpose of implementing the regional
            development plans detailed in Annex IV of the Declaration of
            Principles or in agreements entered into in the framework of
            the multilateral negotiations; and

        (4) cultural, scientific and educational agreements.

    c.  Dealings between the Palestinian Authority and representatives
        of foreign states and international organizations, as well as
        the establishment in the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area of
        representative offices other than those described in
        subparagraph 2.a. above, for the purpose of implementing the
        agreements referred to in subparagraph 2.b. above, shall not be
        considered foreign relations.



                              Article VII

            Legislative Powers of the Palestinian Authority


1.  The Palestinian Authority will have the power, within its
    jurisdiction, to promulgate legislation, including basic laws, laws,
    regulations and other legislative acts.

2.  Legislation promulgated by the Palestinian Authority shall be
    consistent with the provisions of this Agreement.

3.  Legislation promulgated by the Palestinian Authority shall be
    communicated to a legislation subcommittee to be established by the
    CAC (hereinafter "the Legislation Subcommittee"). During a period of
    30 days from the communication of the legislation, Israel may
    request that the Legislation Subcommittee decide whether such
    legislation exceeds the jurisdiction of the Palestinian Authority or
    is otherwise inconsistent with the provisions of this Agreement.

4.  Upon receipt of the Israeli request, the Legislation Subcommittee
    shall decide, as an initial matter, on the entry into force of the
    legislation pending its decision on the merits of the matter.

5.  If the Legislation Subcommittee is unable to reach a decision with
    regard to the entry into force of the legislation within 15 days,
    this issue will be referred to a board of review. This board of
    review shall be comprised of two judges, retired judges or senior
    jurists (hereinafter "Judges"), one from each side, to be appointed
    from a compiled list of three Judges proposed by each.

    In order to expedite the proceedings before this board of review,
    the two most senior Judges, one from each side, shall develop
    written informal rules of procedure.

6.  Legislation referred to the board of review shall enter into force
    only if the board of review decides that it does not deal with a
    security issue which falls under Israel's responsibility, that it
    does not seriously threaten other significant Israeli interests
    protected by this Agreement and that the entry into force of the
    legislation could not cause irreparable damage or harm.

7.  The Legislation Subcommittee shall attempt to reach a decision on
    the merits of the matter within 30 days from the date of the Israeli
    request. If this Subcommittee is unable to reach such a decision
    within this period of 30 days, the matter shall be referred to the
    Joint Israeli-Palestinian Liaison Committee referred to in Article
    XV below (hereinafter "the Liaison Committee"). This Liaison
    Committee will deal with the matter immediately and will attempt to
    settle it within 30 days.

8.  Where the legislation has not entered into force pursuant to
    paragraphs 5 or 7 above, this situation shall be maintained pending
    the decision of the Liaison Committee on the merits of the matter,
    unless it has decided otherwise.

9.  Laws and military orders in effect in the Gaza Strip or the Jericho
    Area prior to the signing of this Agreement shall remain in force,
    unless amended or abrogated in accordance with this Agreement.



                              Article VIII

               Arrangements for Security and Public Order


1.  In order to guarantee public order and internal security for the
    Palestinians of the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area, the Palestinian
    Authority shall establish a strong police force, as set out in
    Article IX below. Israel shall continue to carry the responsibility
    for defense against external threats, including the responsibility
    for protecting the Egyptian border and the Jordanian line, and for
    defense against external threats from the sea and from the air, as
    well as the responsibility for overall security of Israelis and
    Settlements, for the purpose of safeguarding their internal security
    and public order, and will have all the powers to take the steps
    necessary to meet this responsibility.

2.  Agreed security arrangements and coordination mechanisms are
    specified in Annex I.

3.  A joint Coordination and Cooperation Committee for mutual security
    purposes (hereinafter "the JSC"), as well as three joint District
    Coordination and Cooperation Offices for the Gaza district, the Khan
    Yunis district and the Jericho district respectively (hereinafter
    "the DCOs") are hereby established as provided for in Annex I.

4.  The security arrangements provided for in this Agreement and in
    Annex I may be reviewed at the request of either Party and may be
    amended by mutual agreement of the Parties. Specific review
    arrangements are included in Annex I.



                               Article IX

              The Palestinian Directorate of Police Force


1.  The Palestinian Authority shall establish a strong police force, the
    Palestinian Directorate of Police Force (hereinafter "the
    Palestinian Police"). The duties, functions, structure, deployment
    and composition of the Palestinian Police, together with provisions
    regarding its equipment and operation, are set out in Annex I,
    Article III. Rules of conduct governing the activities of the
    Palestinian Police are set out in Annex I, Article VIII.

2.  Except for the Palestinian Police referred to in this Article and
    the Israeli military forces, no other armed forces shall be
    established or operate in the Gaza Strip or the Jericho Area.

3.  Except for the arms, ammunition and equipment of the Palestinian
    Police described in Annex I, Article III, and those of the Israeli
    military forces, no organization or individual in the Gaza Strip and
    the Jericho Area shall manufacture, sell, acquire, possess, import
    or otherwise introduce into the Gaza Strip or the Jericho Area any
    firearms, ammunition, weapons, explosives, gunpowder or any related
    equipment, unless otherwise provided for in Annex I.



                               Article X

                                Passages


Arrangements for coordination between Israel and the Palestinian
Authority regarding the Gaza-Egypt and Jericho-Jordan passages, as well
as any other agreed international crossings, are set out in Annex I,
Article X.



                               Article XI

        Safe Passage between the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area


Arrangements for safe passage of persons and transportation between the
Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area are set out in Annex I, Article IX.





                              Article XII

         Relations Between Israel and the Palestinian Authority


1.  Israel and the Palestinian Authority shall seek to foster mutual
    understanding and tolerance and shall accordingly abstain from
    incitement, including hostile propaganda, against each other and,
    without derogating from the principle of freedom of expression,
    shall take legal measures to prevent such incitement by any
    organizations, groups or individuals within their jurisdiction.

2.  Without derogating from the other provisions of this Agreement,
    Israel and the Palestinian Authority shall cooperate in combatting
    criminal activity which may affect both sides, including offenses
    related to trafficking in illegal drugs and psychotropic substances,
    smuggling, and offenses against property, including offenses related
    to vehicles.



                              Article XIII

                           Economic Relations


The economic relations between the two sides are set out in the Protocol
on Economic Relations signed in Paris on April 29, 1994 and the
Appendices thereto, certified copies of which are attached as Annex IV,
and will be governed by the relevant provisions of this Agreement and
its Annexes.



                              Article XIV

                    Human Rights and the Rule of Law


Israel and the Palestinian Authority shall exercise their powers and
responsibilities pursuant to this Agreement with due regard to
internationally-accepted norms and principles of human rights and the
rule of law.



                               Article XV

            The Joint Israeli-Palestinian Liaison Committee


1.  The Liaison Committee established pursuant to Article X of the
    Declaration of Principles shall ensure the smooth implementation of
    this Agreement. It shall deal with issues requiring coordination,
    other issues of common interest and disputes.

2.  The Liaison Committee shall be composed of an equal number of
    members from each Party. It may add other technicians and experts as
    necessary.

3.  The Liaison Committee shall adopt its rules of procedure, including
    the frequency and place or places of its meetings.

4.  The Liaison Committee shall reach its decisions by Agreement.



                              Article XVI

             Liaison and Cooperation with Jordan and Egypt


1.  Pursuant to Article XII of the Declaration of Principles, the two
    Parties shall invite the Governments of Jordan and Egypt to
    participate in establishing further liaison and cooperation
    arrangements between the Government of Israel and the Palestinian
    representatives on the one hand, and the Governments of Jordan and
    Egypt on the other hand, to promote cooperation between them. These
    arrangements shall include the constitution of a Continuing
    Committee.

2.  The Continuing Committee shall decide by agreement on the modalities
    of admission of persons displaced from the West Bank and the Gaza
    Strip in 1967, together with necessary measures to prevent
    disruption and disorder.

3.  The Continuing Committee shall deal with other matters of common
    concern.



                              Article XVII

                 Settlement of Differences and Disputes


Any difference relating to the application of this Agreement shall be
referred to the appropriate coordination and cooperation mechanism
established under this Agreement. The provisions of Article XV of the
Declaration of Principles shall apply to any such difference which is
not settled through the appropriate coordination and cooperation
mechanism, namely:

1.  Disputes arising out of the application or interpretation of this
    Agreement or any subsequent agreements pertaining to the interim
    period shall be settled by negotiations through the Liaison
    Committee.

2.  Disputes which cannot be settled by negotiations may be settled by a
    mechanism of conciliation to be agreed between the Parties.

3.  The Parties may agree to submit to arbitration disputes relating to
    the interim period, which cannot be settled through conciliation. To
    this end, upon the agreement of both Parties, the Parties will
    establish an Arbitration Committee.



                             Article XVIII

                       Prevention of Hostile Acts


Both sides shall take all measures necessary in order to prevent acts of
terrorism, crime and hostilities directed against each other, against
individuals falling under the other's authority and against their
property, and shall take legal measures against offenders. In addition,
the Palestinian side shall take all measures necessary to prevent such
hostile acts directed against the Settlements, the infrastructure
serving them and the Military Installation Area, and the Israeli side
shall take all measures necessary to prevent such hostile acts emanating
from the Settlements and directed against Palestinians.



                              Article XIX

                            Missing Persons


The Palestinian Authority shall cooperate with Israel by providing all
necessary assistance in the conduct of searches by Israel within the
Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area for missing Israelis, as well as by
providing information about missing Israelis. Israel shall cooperate
with the Palestinian Authority in searching for, and providing necessary
information about, missing Palestinians.



                               Article XX

                      Confidence Building Measures


With a view to creating a positive and supportive public atmosphere to
accompany the implementation of this Agreement, and to establish a solid
basis of mutual trust and good faith, both Parties agree to carry out
confidence building measures as detailed herewith:

1.  Upon the signing of this Agreement, Israel will release, or turn
    over, to the Palestinian Authority within a period of 5 weeks, about
    5,000 Palestinian detainees and prisoners, residents of the West
    Bank and the Gaza Strip. Those released will be free to return to
    their homes anywhere in the West Bank or the Gaza Strip. Prisoners
    turned over to the Palestinian Authority shall be obliged to remain
    in the Gaza Strip or the Jericho Area for the remainder of their
    sentence.

2.  After the signing of this Agreement, the two Parties shall continue
    to negotiate the release of additional Palestinian prisoners and
    detainees, building on agreed principles.

3.  The implementation of the above measures will be subject to the
    fulfillment of the procedures determined by Israeli law for the
    release and transfer of detainees and prisoners.

4.  With the assumption of Palestinian authority, the Palestinian side
    commits itself to solving the problem of those Palestinians who were
    in contact with the Israeli authorities. Until an agreed solution is
    found, the Palestinian side undertakes not to prosecute these
    Palestinians or to harm them in any way.

5.  Palestinians from abroad whose entry into the Gaza Strip and the
    Jericho Area is approved pursuant to this Agreement, and to whom the
    provisions of this Article are applicable, will not be prosecuted
    for offenses committed prior to September 13, 1993.



                              Article XXI

                    Temporary International Presence


1.  The Parties agree to a temporary international or foreign presence
    in the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area (hereinafter "the TIP"), in
    accordance with the provisions of this Article.

2.  The TIP shall consist of 400 qualified personnel, including
    observers, instructors and other experts, from 5 or 6 of the donor
    countries.

3.  The two Parties shall request the donor countries to establish a
    special fund to provide finance for the TIP.

4.  The TIP will function for a period of 6 months. The TIP may extend
    this period, or change the scope of its operation, with the
    agreement of the two Parties.

5.  The TIP shall be stationed and operate within the following cities
    and villages: Gaza, Khan Yunis, Rafah, Deir El Ballah, Jabaliya,
    Absan, Beit Hanun and Jericho.

6.  Israel and the Palestinian Authority shall agree on a special
    Protocol to implement this Article, with the goal of concluding
    negotiations with the donor countries contributing personnel within
    two months.


                              Article XXII

                  Rights, Liabilities and Obligations


1.  a.  The transfer of all powers and responsibilities to the
        Palestinian Authority, as detailed in Annex II, includes all
        related rights, liabilities and obligations arising with regard
        to acts or omissions which occurred prior to the transfer.
        Israel will cease to bear any financial responsibility regarding
        such acts or omissions and the Palestinian Authority will bear
        all financial responsibility for these and for its own
        functioning.

    b.  Any financial claim made in this regard against Israel will be
        referred to the Palestinian Authority.

    c.  Israel shall provide the Palestinian Authority with the
        information it has regarding pending and anticipated claims
        brought before any court or tribunal against Israel in this
        regard.

    d.  Where legal proceedings are brought in respect of such a claim,
        Israel will notify the Palestinian Authority and enable it to
        participate in defending the claim and raise any arguments on
        its behalf.

    e.  In the event that an award is made against Israel by any court
        or tribunal in respect of such a claim, the Palestinian
        Authority shall reimburse Israel the full amount of the award.

    f.  Without prejudice to the above, where a court or tribunal
        hearing such a claim finds that liability rests solely with an
        employee or agent who acted beyond the scope of the powers
        assigned to him or her, unlawfully or with willful malfeasance,
        the Palestinian Authority shall not bear financial
        responsibility.

2.  The transfer of authority in itself shall not affect rights,
    liabilities and obligations of any person or legal entity, in
    existence at the date of signing of this Agreement.



                             Article XXIII

                             Final Clauses


1.  This Agreement shall enter into force on the date of its signing.

2.  The arrangements established by this Agreement shall remain in force
    until and to the extent superseded by the Interim Agreement referred
    to in the Declaration of Principles or any other agreement between
    the Parties.

3.  The five-year interim period referred to in the Declaration of
    Principles commences on the date of the signing of this Agreement.

4.  The Parties agree that, as long as this Agreement is in force, the
    security fence erected by Israel around the Gaza Strip shall remain
    in place and that the line demarcated by the fence, as shown on
    attached map No. 1, shall be authoritative only for the purpose of
    this Agreement.

5.  Nothing in this Agreement shall prejudice or preempt the outcome of
    the negotiations on the interim agreement or on the permanent status
    to be conducted pursuant to the Declaration of Principles. Neither
    Party shall be deemed, by virtue of having entered into this
    Agreement, to have renounced or waived any of its existing rights,
    claims or positions.

6.  The two Parties view the West Bank and the Gaza Strip as a single
    territorial unit, the integrity of which will be preserved during
    the interim period.

7.  The Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area shall continue to be an integral
    part of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, and their status shall not
    be changed for the period of this Agreement. Nothing in this
    Agreement shall be considered to change this status.

8.  The Preamble to this Agreement, and all Annexes, Appendices and maps
    attached hereto, shall constitute an integral part hereof.



Done in Cairo this fourth day of May, 1994.




__________________________              ________________________
For the Government of the               For the PLO
State of Israel


                             Witnessed By:


____________________________            ________________________
The United States of America            The Russian Federation


                       __________________________
                       The Arab Republic of Egypt
.

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