Al mashriq - The Levant

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                               Annex III

                   PROTOCOL CONCERNING LEGAL MATTERS



                               Article I

                         Criminal Jurisdiction


1.  The criminal jurisdiction of the Palestinian Authority covers all
    offenses committed in the areas under its territorial jurisdiction
    (hereinafter, for the purposes of this Annex, "the Territory")
    subject to the provisions of this Article.

2.  Israel has sole criminal jurisdiction over the following offenses:

    a.  offenses committed in the Settlements and the Military
        Installation Area subject to the provisions of this Annex; and

    b.  offenses committed in the Territory by Israelis.

3.  In exercising their criminal jurisdiction, each side shall have the
    power, inter alia, to investigate, arrest, bring to trial and punish
    offenders.

4.  In addition, and without derogating from the territorial
    jurisdiction of the Palestinian Authority, Israel has the power to
    arrest and to keep in custody individuals suspected of having
    committed offenses which fall within Israeli criminal jurisdiction
    as noted in paragraphs 2 and 7 of this Article, who are present in
    the Territory, in the following cases:

    a.  The individual is an Israeli, in accordance with Article II of
        this Annex; or

    b.  (1) The individual is a non-Israeli suspected of having just
            committed an offense in a place where Israeli authorities
            exercise their security functions in accordance with Annex
            I, and is arrested in the vicinity in which the offense was
            committed. The arrest shall be with a view to transferring
            the suspect, together with all evidence, to the Palestinian
            Police at the earliest opportunity.

        (2) In the event that such an individual is suspected of having
            committed an offense against Israel or Israelis, and there
            is a need for further legal proceedings with respect to that
            individual, Israel may retain him or her in custody and the
            question of the appropriate forum for prosecuting such a
            suspect shall be dealt with by the Legal Committee on a
            case-by-case basis.

5.  In the case of an offense committed in the Territory by a
    non-Israeli against Israel or an Israeli, the Palestinian Authority
    shall take measures to investigate and prosecute the case, and shall
    report to Israel on the result of the investigation and any legal
    proceedings.

6.  a.  Tourists in transit to or from Israel through the Gaza Strip or
        the Jericho Area, who are present on the Lateral Roads or on the
        main North-South road crossing the Jericho Area (Route No. 90),
        may be arrested and questioned only by the Israeli authorities
        which shall notify the Palestinian Authority. Where the Israeli
        authorities conclude that an offense under the prevailing law
        has been committed, and that further legal proceedings in
        respect of the tourist are required, such proceedings shall be
        taken by the Palestinian Authority.

    b.  Where such a tourist present outside these areas is detained or
        arrested by the Palestinian Authority, it shall notify the
        Israeli authorities immediately and shall enable them at the
        earliest opportunity to meet the detainee and to provide any
        necessary assistance, including consular notification, requested
        by the detainee.

7.  Nothing in this Article shall derogate from Israel's criminal
    jurisdiction in accordance with its domestic laws over offenses
    committed outside Israel (including in the Territory) against Israel
    or an Israeli with due regard to the principle that no person can be
    tried twice for the same offense. The exercise of such jurisdiction
    shall be subject to the provisions of this Annex and without
    prejudice to the criminal jurisdiction of the Palestinian Authority.



                               Article II

                  Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters


1.  General

    a.  Israel and the Palestinian Authority shall cooperate and provide
        each other with legal assistance in criminal matters. Such
        cooperation shall include the arrangements detailed in this
        Article.

    b.  For the purpose of this Article, "Israeli military forces" may
        include Israel Police and other Israeli security forces.

    c.  Documents served by one Party in the territory under the
        responsibility of the other, shall be accompanied by a certified
        translation into the official language of the other Party.

2.  Cooperation in Criminal Matters

    a.  The Israel Police and the Palestinian Police shall cooperate in
        the conduct of investigations. Subject to detailed arrangements
        to be agreed upon, such cooperation shall include the exchange
        of information, records and fingerprints of criminal suspects,
        vehicle ownership registration records, etc.

    b.  Where an offense is committed in the Territory by an Israeli
        acting jointly with an individual under Palestinian personal
        jurisdiction, the Israeli military forces and the Palestinian
        Police will cooperate in conducting an investigation.

    c.  The Palestinian authorities shall not arrest or detain Israelis
        or place them in custody. Israelis can identify themselves by
        presenting Israeli documentation.

        However, where an Israeli commits a crime against a person or
        property in the Territory the Palestinian Police upon arrival at
        the scene of the offense shall immediately notify the Israeli
        authorities through the relevant DCO. Until the arrival of the
        Israeli military forces the Palestinian Police may, if
        necessary, detain the suspect in place while ensuring his
        protection and the protection of all those involved and shall
        prevent interference with the scene of the offense, collect the
        necessary evidence and conduct preliminary questioning.

    d.  Without derogating from the jurisdiction of the Palestinian
        Authority over property located or transported within the
        Territory, where the property is being transported or carried by
        an Israeli, the following procedure shall apply: The Palestinian
        authorities have the power to take any measures necessary in
        relation to Israeli vehicles or personal belongings where such
        vehicle or belongings have been used in commission of a crime
        and present an immediate danger to public safety or health. When
        such measures are taken the Palestinian authorities shall
        immediately notify the Israeli authorities through the relevant
        DCO, and shall continue to take the necessary measures until
        their arrival.

3.  a.  When an Israeli is suspected of committing an offense and is
        present in the Territory, the Israeli military forces shall be
        able to arrest, search and detain the suspect as required, in
        the presence of and with the assistance of the Palestinian
        Police.

    b.  When an Israeli commits an offense and is present in the Yellow
        Areas or on the Lateral Roads and their adjacent sides as
        defined in Annex I, the Israeli military forces may, without
        derogating from the territorial jurisdiction of the Palestinian
        Authority, arrest, search and detain the offender and shall
        notify the Palestinian Police immediately, provide it with all
        necessary information, and coordinate wherever possible.

4.  When an offense is committed inside a Settlement, and all those
    involved are Palestinians of the Gaza Strip or the Jericho Area or
    their visitors, the Israeli military forces shall notify the
    Palestinian Police immediately and shall hand over the offender and
    the collected evidence to the Palestinian Police unless the offense
    is security- related.

5.  Restraining Orders

    Each side shall execute orders issued by the competent organ of the
    other side restraining a person under the jurisdiction of that side
    from travelling abroad.

6.  Summons and Questioning of Witnesses

    a.  Where the statement of a witness who is an Israeli or other
        person present in Israel is required for a Palestinian
        investigation, the statement shall be taken by the Israel Police
        in the presence of a Palestinian Police officer in an Israeli
        facility at an agreed location.

    b.  Where the statement of a non-Israeli witness present in the
        Territory is required for an Israeli investigation, the
        statement shall be taken by the Palestinian Police in the
        presence of an Israeli police officer in a Palestinian facility
        at an agreed location.

    c.  In exceptional cases, each side may take a statement requested
        by the other side itself, without the presence of the requesting
        side.

7.  Transfer of Suspects and Defendants

    a.  Where a non-Israeli suspected of, charged with or convicted of
        an offense that falls within Palestinian criminal jurisdiction
        is present in Israel, the Palestinian Authority may request
        Israel to arrest and transfer the individual to the Palestinian
        Authority.

    b.  Where an individual suspected of, charged with or convicted of
        an offense that falls within Israeli criminal jurisdiction is
        present in the Territory, Israel may request the Palestinian
        Authority to arrest and transfer the individual to Israel.

    c.  Requests under subparagraphs a. and b. above shall specify the
        grounds for the request and shall be supported by an arrest
        warrant issued by a competent court.

    d.  Where the request is for the transfer of a suspect who is not a
        Palestinian requested by the Palestinian Authority:

        (1) the arrest warrant shall only be issued pursuant to an
            application made by or on behalf of the Attorney-General,
            confirming that there is reasonable evidentiary basis that
            the offense was committed by the suspect;

        (2) the offense must be punishable by not less than 7 years'
            imprisonment under the law of the requesting side.

    e.  (1) Individuals suspected of offenses punishable by less than 7
            years' imprisonment shall be interrogated by the
            investigating side in a facility of the other side or at an
            agreed location.

        (2) Interrogation shall take place in the presence of a police
            officer of the other side.

        (3) Upon the request of the investigating side the other side
            may detain the suspect in custody pending and during the
            questioning.

        (4) Where the presence of the suspect is required for an
            objective reason such as confronting witnesses and
            identification of site, the suspect shall be transferred for
            that purpose only.

    f.  (1) Both sides, upon receipt of a request in accordance with
            this Article, shall effect the arrest and transfer
            requested.

        (2) If the individual requested is detained in custody or is
            serving a prison sentence, the side receiving the request
            may delay the transfer to the requesting side for the
            duration of the detention or imprisonment.

    g.  No person shall be transferred in respect of an offense
        punishable by capital punishment unless the requesting side
        undertakes that capital punishment shall not be imposed in the
        case.

    h.  (1) Both sides shall take all necessary measures to ensure that
            the treatment of individuals transferred under this Article
            complies with the applicable legal arrangements in Israel
            and in the Territory and with internationally- accepted
            norms of human rights regarding criminal investigations.

        (2) Suspects transferred under this paragraph shall have the
            right to be assisted during the investigation period by an
            advocate of their own choice.

    i.  Each side may, upon the request of the other side, detain, for
        no more than seven days, an individual in respect of whom a
        request for arrest and transfer is to be made, pending the
        submission of such a request.

    j.  The transfer of foreigners by Israel to the Palestinian
        Authority under this Article shall be subject to the applicable
        conventions to which Israel is a party and in coordination with
        the foreigner's state of origin.

    k.  Both sides may agree that an individual convicted in the courts
        of one side shall serve his sentence in a prison of the other
        side, subject to arrangements and conditions to be agreed
        between the sides.

8.  Assistance in the Execution of Court Orders for the Purposes of
    Investigation

    a.  Israel and the Palestinian Authority shall execute orders issued
        by each others' courts for the purposes of investigations (e.g.,
        search warrants, orders for the production of documents and
        seizure orders), subject to the provisions of local law.

    b.  Where, for the purposes of an investigation, Israel or the
        Palestinian Authority requires that tests or examinations (such
        as fingerprinting or blood analysis) be effected in relation to
        an item situated in territory under the responsibility of the
        other side, that side shall effect the tests or examinations
        required and transfer the results to the side conducting the
        investigation. Where these results are not sufficient for the
        purposes of the investigation, arrangements shall be made for
        the transfer of the item to the side conducting the
        investigation.

9.  Legal Assistance in the Conduct of Judicial Proceedings

    a.  Summons and subpoenas issued by an Israeli court in respect of
        defendants and witnesses present in the Territory, shall be
        effected through the Palestinian Authority which shall be
        responsible for the service of summons, and the execution of
        subpoenas by the Palestinian Police. Subpoenas issued in respect
        of an Israeli defendant or witness shall be executed by the
        Israeli military forces in the presence of and with the
        assistance of the Palestinian Police.

    b.  Summons or subpoenas issued by a Palestinian court in respect of
        defendants and witnesses present in Israel shall be effected
        through the Israel Police who shall be responsible for the
        service of summons and the execution of subpoenas.

    c.  Where the evidence of an Israeli witness is required in
        connection with proceedings conducted by a Palestinian court,
        the evidence of the witness shall be taken at a Palestinian
        court situated at an agreed location close to one of the
        crossing points, and the witness shall be accompanied by
        representatives of the Israeli military forces together with the
        Palestinian Police.

    d.  Where the evidence of a witness is required in connection with
        proceedings conducted by a court of one side, such a request
        will be notified to the authorities of the other side to summon
        the witness.



                              Article III

                           Civil Jurisdiction


1.  The Palestinian courts and judicial authorities have jurisdiction in
    all civil matters, subject to this Agreement.

2.  Israelis conducting commercial activity in the Territory are subject
    to the prevailing civil law in the Territory relating to that
    activity.

    Nevertheless, any enforcement of judicial and administrative
    judgments and orders issued against Israelis and their property
    shall be effected by Israel. Israel undertakes to execute such
    judgments and orders within a reasonable time.

3.  The Palestinian courts and judicial authorities have no jurisdiction
    over civil actions in which an Israeli is a party, except for the
    following cases:

    a.  the subject matter of the action is an ongoing Israeli business
        situated in the Territory (the registration of an Israeli
        company as a foreign company in the Territory being evidence of
        the fact that it has an ongoing business situated in the
        Territory);

    b.  the subject matter of the action is real property located in the
        Territory;

    c.  the Israeli party is a defendant in the action and has consented
        to such jurisdiction by notice in writing to the Palestinian
        court or judicial authority;

    d.  the Israeli party is a defendant in an action the subject matter
        of which is a written agreement, and the Israeli party has
        consented to such jurisdiction by a specific provision in this
        agreement;

    e.  the Israeli party is a plaintiff who has filed an action in the
        Territory. If the defendant in the action is an Israeli, his
        consent to such jurisdiction in accordance with subparagraphs c.
        or d. above shall be required; or

    f.  actions concerning other matters as agreed between the Parties.

4.  The jurisdiction of the Palestinian courts and judicial authorities
    does not cover actions against the State of Israel including its
    statutory entities, organs and agents.



                               Article IV

                   Legal Assistance in Civil Matters


1.  Service of Legal Documents Israel and the Palestinian Authority will
    be responsible, in the areas under their respective territorial
    responsibility, for the service of legal documents, including
    subpoenas, issued by the judicial organs under the responsibility of
    the other Party.

2.  Interim Orders

    a.  Interim orders (e.g., temporary orders of attachment, the
        appointment of a receiver, restraining orders) issued by
        judicial organs under the responsibility of either Party will
        not have effect in the areas under the territorial
        responsibility of the other Party.

    b.  Judicial organs under the responsibility of both Parties will be
        authorized to issue interim orders which shall apply in the
        areas under their territorial responsibility, even in cases in
        which the primary action was filed with the judicial organs
        under the responsibility of the other Party.

    c.  The judicial organs of each side may issue orders restraining an
        individual from travelling abroad when the order relates to a
        matter being tried by that organ, subject to the relevant
        provisions of the domestic laws.

3.  Taking of evidence

    Israel and the Palestinian Authority will make arrangements for
    taking evidence from witnesses, when necessary, within the areas
    under their territorial responsibility, when such evidence is sought
    in connection with proceedings conducted by the judicial organs
    under the responsibility of the other side.

4.  Enforcement of judgements

    a.  Israel and the Palestinian Authority will enforce judgements
        rendered by the judicial organs under the responsibility of the
        other Party, provided that the judicial organ concerned had the
        jurisdiction to render the judgement and further provided that
        the enforcement is not contrary to public policy. The execution
        office under the responsibility of Israel and the Palestinian
        Authority shall execute such judgements as if rendered by their
        own judicial organs.

    b.  In executing any judgement against Israelis the Palestinian
        execution offices will be authorized to issue orders (e.g.,
        attachments, receivership, eviction) against Israeli property
        within the Territory.

    c.  Orders against the freedom of Israelis (e.g., imprisonment
        orders, restraining orders) shall only be issued by Israeli
        execution offices.

    d.  All orders issued by execution offices against Israelis or
        Israeli property within the Territory will be executed by the
        Israel Police with the assistance of the Palestinian Authority,
        or where the Israel Police notifies the Palestinian Authority
        that it has no objection, by the Palestinian Police.
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