Hanna Makhoul plowing at Ain Zeitoun, 1954|
Hanna Makhoul was our neighbor just up the hill at Ain Zeitoun on the road to Mieh-ou-Mieh. He had 8 sons and 1 daughter. Behind him are his sons Yousif and George. (Yousif and George in April, 1996.) Growing up at Ain Zeitun was a wonderful education. In this case in bronze-age agricultural methods. Plowing, sowing and reaping grain and many other crops was virtually unchanged over several thousands of years. Threshing and milling the grain was often also done by hand. The only concession Hanna Makhoul made to modern plowing methods was the iron plowshare, which he refused to use when plowing the houmous field because he believed it was detremental to the quality of the harvest. Ecological farming at its most conscientious!
Behind in the valley is Tayar's farm by the cypress tress. That is where the Ain el Helwe (Sweet Spring) came out through an old Phoenician aqueduct system in the hill. It's also the place that lends the refugee camp on the right its name. The hill to the left is Sirop.
In Tapline's company magazine, the Pipeline Periscope Vol. 4 No. 2 Mar - Apr 1956, R.E. Khattar reports from Sidon: