Al mashriq - The Levant

                                                         February 9, 1994

                             The Cairo Agreement

    The two  sides agreed  on the  attached text  to be  included in  the
    Gaza-Jericho Agreement.

    The Jericho Area

    1. The size of the Jericho Area will be as depicted on the agreed map
       attached to this Agreement.

    2. In addition, while not part of the Jericho Area:

       a. Pending the entry into force of the Interim Agreement, the holy
          site  of   Nebi  Mousa  will  be  under  the  auspices  of  the
          Palestinian Authority for religious purposes.

       b. During religious  events that take place three times a year and
          other  special  occasions  that  will be  coordinated with  the
          Israeli  authorities,  Palestinians  will  have  the  right  to
          religious pilgrimage  to the  al-Maghtas under  the Palestinian

       c. Palestinian  private  projects,  as well  as joint  ventures in
          accordance with the Declaration of Principles,  will be located
          as agreed on the shore of the Dead Sea.

       d. Safe passage  will be  provided from  the Jericho  Area to Nebi
          Mousa,  al-Maghtas and  the projects  and ventures as agreed in
          paragraph c.  above  on the shore of the Dead Sea for the above
          mentioned  purposes.   Details   regarding  the   safe  passage
          arrangements will be included in the Gaza-Jericho Agreement.

    3. Roads within Jericho city will be under Palestinian control. Joint
       patrols on the main roads will be operated, led by the Palestinian
       vehicle. The issue of Auja and its roads will be negotiated in the
       immediate future in Taba.

    4. Religious affairs  in the  "Shalom Al Israel" Synagogue in Jericho
       will be under the auspices of the Israeli authorities.

    The Gaza Strip

    1. In accordance with the D.O.P.,  during the interim period the Gush
       Katif and Erez settlement areas,  as well as the other settlements
       in the  Gaza Strip,  and  the Israeli  military installation  area
       along the  Egyptian border in the Gaza Strip,  as indicated on the
       attached  map,  will  be  under  Israeli authority.  In  the areas
       delineated in  yellow on  the attached  map and without derogating
       from  Palestinian  authority,  responsibility  will  be shared  as
       follows:   the  Israeli   authorities  will  have  the  overriding
       responsibility  and   powers  for  security  and  the  Palestinian
       Authority  will  have  the  responsibility  and  powers for  civil
       affairs, subject to the Gaza-Jericho Agreement. In addition,  with
       regard  to  those  areas  delineated  in  yellow,  cooperation and
       coordination  in  security matters,  including  joint patrols,  as
       agreed,  will  be  implemented.   Possible  changes  in  the  area
       designated yellow in the Southern Security Zone will be dealt with
       in Taba.

    2. Without derogating  from Palestinian  authority and  in accordance
       with the D.O.P.:

       (a)  On the three lateral roads connecting the Israeli settlements
            in the Gaza Strip to Israel, namely:  the Kissufim-Gush Katif
            road; the  Sufa-Gush  Katif  road; and  the  Nahal  Oz-Karni-
            Nezzarim road,  including  the adjacent  sides upon which the
            security  of  traffic  along  these roads  is dependent,  the
            Israeli authorities  will have all necessary responsibilities
            and powers in order to conduct independent security activity,
            including Israeli patrols.

       (b)  Joint Israeli-Palestinian  patrols will  operate along  these
            roads and the adjacent sides. Such joint patrols will be  led
            by the Israeli vehicle.

       (c)  Where  the  Israeli authorities  carry out  engagement steps,
            they will do so with a view to transferring,  at the earliest
            opportunity,  the continued handling of the incidents falling
            within Palestinian responsibility to the Palestinian Police.

       (d)  Overpasses will  be constructed  on intersections between the
            lateral roads and the main north-south road.

       (e)  These arrangements  will be  reviewed by  the JSCCC after one
            year from the date of completion of the withdrawal of Israeli
            forces from the Gaza Strip.

    3. Zoning questions will be dealt with in Taba.

    Other Issues

    The early empowerment agreement will be negotiated in Taba, after the
    completion  of  the Gaza-Jericho  Agreement.  The Interim  Agreement,
    including modalities  for elections and redeployment of forces in the
    West Bank, will be negotiated in Washington, D.C.

                                                         February 9, 1994
                                                            FINAL VERSION

                                 ARTICLE --


    1. General

       a. While Israel  remains responsible during the interim period for
          external security,  including along the Egyptian border and the
          Jordanian line,  border  crossing shall take place according to
          the arrangements  included in this Article.  These arrangements
          aim at creating a mechanism that facilitates the entry and exit
          of people and goods,  reflecting the new reality created by the
          Israeli-Palestinian Declaration of Principles,  while providing
          full security for both sides.

       b. The arrangements  included in  this Article  shall apply to the
          following border crossings:

          (1)  the Allenby Bridge crossing; and

          (2)  the Rafah crossing.

       c. The same arrangements will be applied by the parties,  with the
          necessary adjustments,  to  agreed seaports,  airports or other
          international  crossings,   such  as  the  Abdullah  and  Damya

       d. The two sides are determined to do their utmost to maintain the
          dignity of  persons passing  through the  border crossings.  To
          this end,  the mechanism created will rely heavily on brief and
          modern procedures.

       e. In each border crossing there will be one terminal,  consisting
          of two  wings.  The first wing will serve Palestinian residents
          of the  Gaza Strip  and West  Bank and  visitors to these areas
          (hereinafter  "the  Palestinian Wing").  The  second wing  will
          serve  Israelis  and others  (hereinafter "the  Israeli Wing").
          There  will  be a  closed Israeli  checking area  and a  closed
          Palestinian checking area, as set out below.

       f. Special arrangements will apply to V.I.P.s crossing through the
          Palestinian Wing. The liaison bureau to be established pursuant
          to paragraph  5 below (hereinafter  "the Liaison  Bureau") will
          define the scope and the nature of these special arrangements.

    2. Control and Management of the Passages

       a. For the  purpose of this Article,  "passage" is defined to mean
          the area  from the  crossing-barrier at the  Egyptian border or
          the Allenby Bridge,  passing through and including the terminal

          (1)  with  regard  to  the  Allenby Bridge  crossing,  from the
               terminal up to the Jericho Area; and

          (2)  with regard to the Rafah crossing, from the terminal up to
               the outer  limit of the Israel military location along the
               Egyptian border.

       b. (1)  Israel   will   have  the   responsibility  for   security
               throughout the passage, including for the terminal.

          (2)  An Israeli  director-general will  have the responsibility
               for the management and security of the terminal.

          (3)  The  director-general  will  have  two  deputies  who will
               report to him:

               (a) an  Israeli  deputy  who  will be  the manager  of the
                   Israeli    Wing.    Israel    will   have    exclusive
                   responsibility for the management of the Israeli Wing;

               (b) a  Palestinian  deputy,  appointed by  the Palestinian
                   Authority,  who will be the manager of the Palestinian

          (4)  Each deputy  will have  an assistant  for security  and an
               assistant  for  administration.  The  assignments  of  the
               Palestinian deputies  for security and administration will
               be agreed upon by the two sides in Taba.

          (5)  There will  be maximum coordination between the two sides.
               Both sides  will maintain  cooperation and coordination on
               matters of mutual concern.

          (6)  The  director-general  will  continue  to use  Palestinian
               contractors   to    provide   bus   services   and   other
               administrative and logistical services.

          (7)  Palestinian  policemen  present  at  the terminal  will be
               armed with handguns. Their deployment will be decided upon
               in  Taba.  Other  Palestinian  officials  present  at  the
               terminal will be unarmed.

          (8)  The details  of management and security and Liaison Bureau
               issues will be dealt with in Taba.

          (9)  The two  sides will work together in Taba in order to seek
               ways for additional arrangements in the Rafah terminal.

          (10) Both Parties will review these procedures in a year time.

       c. Except  for  the  arrangements  included in  this Article,  the
          current  procedures  and  arrangements  applicable outside  the
          terminal shall continue to apply throughout the passage.

       d. (1)  Once incoming  passengers have crossed the terminal,  they
               will proceed  to the  Jericho Area  or the Gaza Strip,  as
               appropriate,   without  any   interference  from   Israeli
               authorities (safe passage).

          (2)  Outgoing passengers  may proceed  to the  terminal without
               any  interference  from  Israeli  authorities after  joint
               verification  that  such  passengers  hold  the  necessary
               documentation for exiting the area to Jordan or Egypt,  as
               set out in this Agreement.

    3. Arrangements  for   Entry  from   Egypt  and  Jordan  through  the
       Palestinian Wing

       a. At  the  entrance  to  the  Palestinian  Wing there  will be  a
          Palestinian policeman and a raised Palestinian flag.

       b. Before entering the Palestinian Wing,  passengers will identify
          their personal  luggage and  it will  be placed  on a  conveyor
          belt. Each side will be able to inspect such luggage inside its
          own checking area,  using its own personnel and,  if necessary,
          may open  the luggage  for inspection  in the  presence of  the
          owner and a Palestinian policeman.

       c. Persons  entering  the  Palestinian  Wing will  pass through  a
          magnetic gate. An Israeli policeman and a Palestinian policeman
          will be  posted on  each side  of this  gate.  In the  event of
          suspicion,  each side  will be  entitled to  require a physical
          inspection to  be conducted  in inspection booths to be located
          adjacent  to  the  gate.  Passengers  will  be  inspected by  a
          Palestinian policeman  in the presence of an Israeli policeman.
          Accompanying personal  belongings may also be inspected at this

       d. Having  completed   the  above  phase,   persons  entering  the
          Palestinian Wing  will pass  through one of three lanes for the
          purpose of identification and document control, as follows:

          (1)  The first  lane will  be used  by Palestinian residents of
               the Gaza  Strip and  Jericho Area.  These  passengers will
               pass via a Palestinian counter,  where their documents and
               identity will be checked.  Their documents will be checked
               by an  Israeli officer  who will also check their identity
               indirectly in an invisible manner.

          (2)  The second  lane will serve other Palestinian residents of
               the West  Bank.  These passengers  will first  pass via  a
               Palestinian counter,  where  their documents  and identity
               will be  checked.  Then they  will continue via an Israeli
               counter,  where  their  documents  and  identity  will  be
               checked.  The  two  counters will  be separated  by tinted
               glass and a revolving door.

          (3)  The third  lane will  serve visitors to the Gaza Strip and
               West Bank.  An  identical procedure as in paragraph 3.d(2)
               above will  apply to such visitors,  except that they will
               first pass via the Israeli counter,  and then continue via
               the Palestinian counter.

       e. In the  event of  suspicion regarding a passenger in any of the
          three lanes  described in  paragraph d.  above,  each  side may
          question such passenger in its closed checking area.  Suspicion
          justifying questioning  in the  closed checking area may be one
          of the following:

          (1)  the passenger  was involved,  directly  or indirectly,  in
               criminal or  planned criminal  activity,  in terrorist  or
               planned terrorist activity and is not a beneficiary of the
               amnesty provisions of this Agreement.

          (2)  the  passenger  conceals  arms,  explosives  -- or related

          (3)  the passenger  holds forged  or non-valid documentation or
               the details included in the documentation are inconsistent
               with those included in the population registry (in case of
               a resident) or  in the  data base  (in case of a visitor),
               except that  questions relating to such inconsistency will
               initially be  raised at the counter and the passenger will
               be  questioned  in the  closed checking  area only  if the
               suspicion has not been removed; or

          (4)  the  passenger  acts in  an obviously  suspicious behavior
               during the passage via the terminal.

          If,  at the  conclusion of this questioning,  the suspicion has
          not been removed, such passenger may be apprehended,  after the
          other  side  has  been  notified.  In case  of a  Palestinian -
          suspect being  apprehended by  the Israeli side,  a Palestinian
          policeman will  be asked  to meet  with the suspect.  Following
          notification to  the Liaison  Bureau,  any further treatment of
          the apprehended  person will  be in  accordance with  Annex III
          (Protocol Concerning Legal Arrangements in Criminal Matters).

       f. In the  Palestinian Wing,  each side will have the authority to
          deny the  entry of  persons who  are not  residents of the Gaza
          Strip and West Bank.

          For the purpose of this Agreement, "residents of the Gaza Strip
          and West  Bank" shall mean  persons who,  on  the date of entry
          into force  of this  Agreement,  are registered as residents of
          these  areas  in  the  population  registry  maintained by  the
          military government of the Gaza Strip and West Bank, as well as
          persons who  have subsequently  obtained permanent residency in
          these areas  with the  approval of  Israel,  as set out in this

       g. Following  the  above procedure,  the  passengers will  collect
          their luggage and proceed to the customs area . (The procedures
          will be agreed upon in Paris.)

       h. The Palestinian  side will  provide passengers  whose entry  is
          approved with  an entry  permit stamped by the Palestinian side
          and attached to their documents.

          At the  conclusion of  the direct  and indirect checking of the
          documents and identity of passengers passing via the first lane
          and stamping their entry permits,  the Palestinian officer will
          provide the  passenger with  a white card issued by the Israeli
          officer.  A  Palestinian  official posted  at the  exit of  the
          Palestinian Wing  will verify  that the  passenger holds such a
          white  card  and  will  collect  the  cards  with  indirect and
          invisible Israeli checking.

          For passengers  going through  the second and third lanes,  the
          Israeli officer  will provide  the passengers with a blue card,
          after  checking  their documents  and identity,  and  verifying
          their  entry  permits.  An Israeli  and a  Palestinian official
          posted at  the exit  of the  Palestinian Wing  will verify  and
          collect  the  cards.  White and  blue cards  collected will  be
          checked by Israeli and Palestinian officials.

          In cases  where either  side denies the entry of a non-resident
          passenger,  that passenger will be escorted out of the terminal
          and  sent  back  to  Jordan  or  Egypt,  as appropriate,  after
          notifying the other side.

    4. Arrangements for  Exit to Egypt and Jordan through the Palestinian

       Passengers exiting to Egypt or Jordan through the Palestinian Wing
       will enter  the terminal  without their luggage.  Thereafter,  the
       same procedures described in paragraph 3 above will apply to them,
       except that  the order  of passing via the Israeli and Palestinian
       counters will be reversed.

    5. Liaison Bureau

       a. There will  be a liaison bureau at each crossing point in order
          to  deal  with  matters  arising  regarding  passengers passing
          through the  Palestinian Wing,  issues  requiring coordination,
          and   differences   regarding  the   implementation  of   these
          arrangements.  Without derogating  from Israel's responsibility
          for security, the bureau will also deal with incidents.

       b. This  bureau   will  be   comprised  of   an  equal  number  of
          representatives  from  each  side  and  will  be  located  at a
          specified location inside each terminal.

       c. This bureau  will be subordinate to the CAC and to the relevant

    6. Miscellaneous

       a. Special  arrangements  will  be  agreed upon  by the  two sides
          regarding the  passage of goods,  buses,  trucks and privately-
          owned   vehicles.   Pending   this   agreement,   the   current
          arrangements will continue to apply.

       b. Israel will  attempt to  complete the structural alterations on
          the Rafah  and Allenby Bridge terminals not later than the date
          of the  completion of the withdrawal of Israeli forces from the
          Gaza Strip and Jericho Area.

          If these structural alterations are not completed by that time,
          the arrangements described in this Article shall apply,  except
          for those  arrangements that  cannot be implemented without the
          structural alterations.

       c. In order to cross through the crossing points in and out of the
          Gaza Strip and Jericho Area,  residents of these areas will use
          documents as  detailed in  (the Annex developed by the civilian
          committee).  Pending  the  entry  into  force  of  the  Interim
          Agreement,  other West  Bank residents will continue to use the
          existing documents  issued by  the military  government and its
          Civil Administration.

       d. Visitors to  the Gaza  Strip and Jericho Area will be permitted
          to remain  in these  areas for  a period  of up to three months
          granted by  the Palestinian  Authority and  approved by Israel.
          The Palestinian  Authority may  extend this  three-month period
          for an  additional period of up to three months and will inform
          Israel about the extension.  Any further extensions require the
          approval of Israel.  The Palestinian request for a a four-month
          period and an additional four months will be negotiated in Taba
          in the immediate future.

       e. The Palestinian Authority will ensure that visitors referred to
          in paragraph  d.  above will not overstay the duration of their
          entry permit and authorized extensions.

    Note - Abbreviations:  

         JSCCC - Joint Security Coordination and Cooperation Committee  

         CAC - Civil Affairs Committee  

         RCCO - Regional Coordination and Cooperation Office