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                     The Washington Declaration 

                           Israel - Jordan 
                          The United States 

                           July 25th, 1994 

A.  After generations of hostility, blood and tears and in the wake of
years of pain and wars, His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister
Yitzhak Rabin are determined to bring an end to bloodshed and sorrow. It
is in this spirit that His Majesty King Hussein of the Hashemite Kingdom
of Jordan and Prime Minister and Minister of Defense, Mr. Yitzhak Rabin of
Israel, met in Washington today at the invitation of President William J.
Clinton of the United States of America. This initiative of President
William J. Clinton constitutes an historic landmark in the United States'
untiring efforts in promoting peace and stability in the Middle East. The
personal involvement of the President has made it possible to realise
agreement on the content of this historic declaration. 

    The signing of this declaration bears testimony to the President's
vision and devotion to the cause of peace. 

B.  In their meeting, His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak
Rabin have jointly reaffirmed the five underlying principles of their
understanding on an Agreed Common Agenda designed to reach the goal of a
just, lasting and comprehensive peace between the Arab States and the
Palestinians, with Israel. 

    1.   Jordan and Israel aim at the achievement of just, lasting and
    comprehensive peace between Israel and its neighbours and at the
    conclusion of a Treaty of Peace between both countries. 

    2.   The two countries will vigorously continue their negotiations to
    arrive at a state of peace, based on Security Council Resolutions 242
    and 338 in all their aspects, and founded on freedom,, equality and

    3.   Israel respects the present special role of the Hashemite Kingdom
    of Jordan in Muslim Holy shrines in Jerusalem. When negotiations on
    the permanent status will take place, Israel will give high priority
    to the Jordanian historic role in these shrines. In addition the two
    sides have agreed to act together to promote interfaith relations
    among the three monotheistic religions. 

    4.   The two countries recognise their right and obligation to live in
    peace with each other as well as with all states within secure and
    recognised boundaries. The two states affirmed their respect for and
    acknowledgment of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political
    independence of every state in the area. 

    5.   The two countries desire to develop good neighbourly relations of
    cooperation between them to ensure lasting security and to avoid
    threats and the use of force between them. 

C.  The long conflict between the two states is now coming to an end. In
this spirit the state of belligerency between Jordan and Israel has been

D.  Following this declaration and in keeping with the Agreed Common
Agenda, both countries will refrain from actions or activities by either
side that may adversely affect the security of the other or may prejudice
the final outcome of negotiations. Neither side will threaten the other by
use of force, weapons, or any other means, against each otherm and both
sides will thwart threats to security resulting from all kinds of

E.  His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin took note of
the progress made in the bilateral negotiations within the Jordan-Israel
track last week on the steps decided to implement the sub-agendas on
borders, territorial matters, security, water, energy, environment and the
Jordan Rift Valley. 

    In this framework, mindful of items of the Agreed Common Agenda
(borders and territorial matters) they noted that the boundary
sub-commission has reached agreement in July 1994 in fulfillment of part
of the role entrusted to it in the sub-agenda. They also noted that the
sub-commission for water, environment and energy agreed to mutually
recognise, as the role of their negotiations, the rightful allocations of
the two sides in Jordan River and Yarmouk River waters and to fully
respect and comply with the negotiated rightful allocations, in accordance
with agreed acceptable principles with mutually acceptable quality.
Similarly, His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin
expressed their deep satisfaction and pride in the work of the trilateral
commission in its meeting held in Jordan on Wednesday, July 20th 1994,
hosted by the Jordanian Prime Minister, Dr. Abdessalam al-Majali, and
attended by Secretary of State Warren Christopher and Foreign Minister
Shimon Peres. They voiced their pleasure at the association and commitment
of the United States in this endeavour. 

F.  His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin believe that
steps must be taken both to overcome psychological barriers and to break
with the legacy of war. By working with optimism towards the dividends of
peace for all the people in the region, Jordan and Israel are determined
to shoulder their responsibilities towards the human dimension of peace
making. They recognise imbalances and disparities are a root cause of
extremism which thrives on poverty and unemployment and the degradation of
human dignity. In this spirit His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister
Yitzhak Rabin have today approved a series of steps to symbolise the new
era which is now at hand: 

    1.   Direct telephone links will be opened between Jordan and Israel. 

    2.   The electricity grids of Jordan and Israel will be linked as part
    of a regional concept. 

    3.   Two new border crossings will be opened between Jordan and Israel
    - one at the southern tip of Aqaba-Eilat and the other at a mutually
    agreed point in the north. 

    4.   In principle free access will be given to third country tourists
    traveling between Jordan and Israel. 

    5.   Negotiations will be accelerated on opening an international air
    corridor between both countries. 

    6.   The police forces of Jordan and Israel will cooperate in
    combating crime with emphasis on smuggling and particularly drug
    smuggling. The United States will be invited to participate in this
    joint endeavour. 

    7.   Negotiations on economic matters will continue in order to
    prepare for future bilateral cooperation including the abolition of
    all economic boycotts. 

    All these steps are being implemented within the framework of regional
infrastructural development plans and in conjunction with the
Jordan-Israel bilaterals on boundaries, security, water and related issues
and without prejudice to the final outcome of the negotiations on the
items included in the Agreed Common Agenda between Jordan and Israel. 

G.  His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin have agreed
to meet periodically or whenever they feel necessary to review the
progress of the negotiations and express their firm intention to shepherd
and direct the process in its entirety. 

H.  In conclusion, His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak
Rabin wish to express once again their profound thanks and appreciation to
President William J. Clinton and his Administration for their untiring
efforts in furthering the cause of peace, justice and prosperity for all
the peoples of the region. They wish to thank the President personally for
his warm welcome and hospitality. In recognition of their appreciation to
the President, His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin
have asked President William 
J.  Clinton to sign this document as a witness and as a host to their

His Majesty King Hussein                 Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin 

                       President William J. Clinton